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Arbenz eventually resigned and fled the country—in part due to Washington’s material support to the anti-Arbenz campaign. Eisenhower signed a $2.7 million budget for “subversion” against the Arbenz government, which included the drafting of a list by the CIA of individuals in Guatemala to be removed from the political arena— either through assassination or exile. Half a century later, the then-Guatemalan Rieker amp; Remonte Liv 02 Leather Sneaker ZaGf1sno
to Arbenz’s son for removing his father from power and ushering in a period of internal violence that resulted in more than one hundred thousand civilian casualties.


Chile, 1970–73

Chilean politician Salvador Allende was the number one enemy of the United States in Latin America during the early 1970s. Chileans saw him as someone who would usher in economic reforms, but the Nixon administration viewed him as a communist beachhead in South America—a place where the Soviets could cause trouble. According to the CIA’s own Madden Girl Ariizona Studded Ankle Bootie pUXXYNJT
, the agency attempted to prevent Allende’s election in 1970 by disseminating weapons to select anti-Allende groups. When that effort failed, Allende won a plurality in the elections and the CIA caught wind of a coup being planned by the Chilean military. The United States didn’t interfere with the process—an action that Chilean officers likely took as a defacto acceptance of their coup attempt.

Historical documents that have been declassified and released to the public show just how much of a threat Allende posed to the Nixon administration. During meetings in the White House, President Nixon made clear to his advisers that Allende’s government was a danger to U.S. national security, a possible ally for the Soviet Union and an administration that should at the very least be contained by making Deer Stags Estimate uX1sPLk
. Allende eventually committed suicide in 1973 when he was surrounded by Chilean military forces. Following his death, Augusto Pinochet led a seventeen-year dictatorship. He was eventually indicted for murder.

Iran, 1953

Perhaps no CIA-orchestrated coup has had as significant of a long-term effect as the joint U.S.-British operation against Iranian prime minister Mohammed Mossadegh—a man who sought to nationalize Iran’s oil industry. Britain had control over Iran’s crude oil resources and approached the United States to hatch a plan to remove Mossadegh from power. The British wanted to replace him with a more palpable figure who would strike a better deal with the West on oil revenue. Just as the British were concerned about oil resources being taken away from them, Washington, DC was increasingly convinced that Mossadegh would open Iran to the Soviets. This led CIA director Allen Dulles to authorize funding to bring about Mossadegh’s removal.

We would like to emphasize that the light wave E 1 is travelling in the same direction as the z axis and has two frequency components ( and ), while E 2 is a counter-propagating wave with the same frequency components. As seen from equation ( Pikolinos Cadamunt Leather Flat YMMjI
), we assume that both frequency components of each wave have equal real amplitudes (just for simplicity). The angle is the mutual angle between linear polarizations of counter-propagating waves. We will concentrate further on two principal cases: = 0 and = . Since the field E 2 is formed by the reflection of the field E 1 , it has a certain spatial phase shift (actually, two different shifts for each frequency component as the lengths of the wavevectors and are different). The acronym 'c.c.' stands for the complex conjugate.

In the case of a dilute gas, collisions between atoms can be neglected. Moreover, we do not take into account exchange of linear momentum between an atom and a photon, leading to the recoil effect. Thus, the problem can be considered with the help of a one-atom density matrix in the Wigner representation according to equation [ 9 ]

Here with v the projection of the atom's velocity on the z axis. The Hamiltonian of a free atom in the basis of eigenfunctions can be written as

where are energies of the corresponding levels (see figure Mephisto Ludmila h2O06Eqv
). Further transition frequencies of the arms of the Λ-scheme will be denoted = , with , h being the Planck constant. Taking into account equation ( 1 ), non-zero matrix elements of the interaction operator in the rotating-wave approximation (RWA) and the approximation of electric-dipole interaction have the following forms:

where = and = are the Rabi frequencies, and we assume two arms of the Λ-scheme to have equal and real dipole moments d . Other non-zero matrix elements V 13 and V 23 can be obtained from the expressions ( Chinese Laundry Leafy 7Mr360
) by conjugate transpose operations, because the interaction operator is Hermitian, = .

All the relaxation processes are considered in the frame of the widely used approach of relaxation constants. The explicit form for the relaxation operator is

For convenience, we assume that the upper state spontaneously relaxes with the total rate . The relaxation rate of optical coherences (see below) can be denoted as = Γ + G with G the time-of-flight relaxation rate attributed to the finite time of atom–field coherent interaction (, where τ is the mean time of the atomic flight through the area of the laser field). The branching ratio β is assumed to be equal for both arms of the Λ-scheme. The system of levels can be considered open by taking β < 1. in ( Steve Madden Penny PyZ137
) are the projection operators defined as = .

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Learn More About the Clifton StrengthsFinder Theme

Competition is rooted in comparison. When you look at the world, you are instinctively aware of other people's performance. Their performance is the ultimate yardstick.

No matter how hard you tried, no matter how worthy your intentions, if you reached your goal but did not outperform your peers, the achievement feels hollow. Like all competitors, you need other people. You need to compare. If you can compare, you can compete, and if you can compete, you can win. And when you win, there is no feeling quite like it.

You like measurement because it facilitates comparisons. You like other competitors because they invigorate you. You like contests because they must produce a winner. You particularly like contests where you know you have the inside track to be the winner.

Although you are gracious to your fellow competitors and even stoic in defeat, you don't compete for the fun of competing. You compete to win. Over time you will come to avoid contests where winning seems unlikely.

See how Competition shows in your CliftonStrengths results -- discover All 34 CliftonStrengths Themes today !

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Debunking Strengths Myth #4

Many of us buy into the myth that talent and motivation are totally separate things. A strengths-based approach, however, debunks this. Simply put, your talents are your motivations; they're usually inseparable. A strengths expert explains.

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The Engaged Workplace

A highly engaged workforce means the difference between a company that outperforms its competitors and one that fails to grow.

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People strong in the Competition theme measure their progress against the performance of others. They strive to win first place and revel in contests.

David Rousseau, LAL, Sabrina Amrouche, UNIGE, Paolo Calafiura, LBNL, Steve Farrell, LBNL, Cecile Germain, UPsud INRIA, Vladimir Gligorov, LPNHE, Tobias Golling, UNIGE, Heather Gray, LBNL, Isabelle Guyon, UPsud INRIA, Chalearn, Mikhail Hushchyn, NRU HSE, Vincenzo Innocente, CERN, Moritz Kiehn, UNIGE, Andreas Salzburger, CERN, Andrey Ustyuzhanin, NRU HSE, Jean-Roch Vlimant, Caltech, Yetkin Yilmaz, LAL,

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Competition summary: Train a team of communicative agents to play Bomberman. Compete against other teams.

Cinjon Resnick, NYU,
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Denny Britz, Prediction Machines, Ted BakerMirobep TF7KsexLC
Jakob Foerster, Oxford,
Jason Weston, Facebook FAIR,
Julian Togelius, NYU,

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Competition summary: Questions surrounding machine learning fairness and inclusivity have attracted heightened attention in recent years, leading to a rapid emergence of a full area of research within the field of machine learning. To provide additional empirical grounding and a venue for head-to-head comparison of new methods, the InclusiveImages competition encourages researchers to develop modeling techniques that reduce the biases that may be encoded in large data sets. In particular, this competition is focused on the challenge of geographic skew encountered when the geographic distribution of training images does not fully represent levels of diversity encountered at test or inference time.

James Atwood Eric Breck Yoni Halpern D. Sculley Erica Greene Peggy Chi Anurag Batra Contact: Nine WestVada Oxford 4y8R9BQ

Competition summary: Machine Learning (ML), deep learning, and deep reinforcement learning have shown remarkable success on a variety of tasks in the very recent past. However, the ability of these methods to supersede classical approaches on physically embodied agents is still unclear. In particular, it remains to be seen whether learning-based approached can be completely trusted to control safety-critical systems such as self-driving cars. This live competition, presented by the Duckietown Foundation, is designed to explore which approaches work best for what tasks and subtasks in a complex robotic system. The participants will need to design algorithms that implement either part or all of the management and navigation required for a fleet of self-driving miniature taxis. There will be a set of different trials that correspond to progressively more sophisticated behaviors for the cars. These vary in complexity, from the reactive task of lane following to more complex and “cognitive” behaviors, such as obstacle avoidance, point-to-point navigation, and finally coordinating a vehicle fleet while adhering to the entire set of the “rules of the road”. We will provide baseline solutions for the tasks based on conventional autonomy architectures; the participants will be free to replace any or all of the components with custom learning-based solutions.The competition will be live at NIPS, but participants will not need to be physically present—they will just need to send their source code packaged as a Docker image. There will be qualifying rounds in simulation and we will make available the use of “robotariums,” which are facilities that allow remote experimentation in a reproducible setting.

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